Resources for Students

Information on Programs of Study, Career Planning, and Other Good Stuff

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There are many good schools with excellent AI faculty and a lot of information about careers and training in AI, Computer Science, and Information Technology (IT). Some of the entries listed here may be dated, but they nevertheless serve as good starting points. In other words, while the classroom may have been changed, you should still land on the right campus (and maybe even in the right building), and you will hopefully be able to find your way from there. Please keep in mind that there is no representation whatsoever as to either the quality of the individual resources referenced or that any of these lists are comprehensive or complete.

Good Starting Places

Resources for Undergraduates. Computing Community Consortium (CCC) website intended to help undergraduates in computing fields find summer research opportunities and resources for applying to graduate school.

Two documents from Aaron Sloman [School of Computer Science, The University of Birmingham] pertaining to the academic study of AI:

  • "This is a vast, and misleadingly named, multi-disciplinary field of research and teaching which grew up in parallel with computer science and software engineering, while also building on and overlapping with other subjects like linguistics, philosophy, psychology, biology, mathematics, and logic. There are some who think it also needs advances in quantum physics in order to make progress. Not only is it multi-disciplinary in its origins and contents: courses in AI are taught not only in computer science departments, but also in others, e.g. psychology departments. Likewise degree courses in AI may include components that would often be found in other degrees, e.g. courses in philosophy of mind or philosophy of science, courses in linguistic theory, courses in human perception, or development or other aspects of human psychology." - from Artificial Intelligence - An Illustrative Overview
  • "Not all university teachers will agree with the view of AI presented here, and it is likely that AI degrees will differ considerably in their content because of different local expertise and different views of the subject. E.g. some will be more engineering oriented and some more science oriented. Some of the latter may be closely linked to psychology, others to philosophy, logic or mathematics. Applicants for university degree courses should therefore look carefully at what is on offer before choosing." - from What is Artificial Intelligence?

"Universities with AI programs exist in many countries throughout the world. This page provides links to many educational institutions that offer advanced degrees in AI, sponsor substantial AI research efforts, or operate AI laboratories." A very comprehensive (but not necessarily complete) list of places to study AI. From AI International.

The US News & World Report Ranking of Best AI Programs (2010) and The US News & World Report Ranking of Best CS Programs (2010) provide lists of well-known universities with substantial depth in Computer Science and AI research programs. Keep in mind that many other colleges and universities offer excellent instruction and research opportunities.

AI, Cognitive Science and Robotics. Maintained by Uwe R. Zimmer, Fellow at the Australian National University. "This is a guide to research groups and resources in the following areas: Artificial Intelligence; Cognitive Science, Psychology and Linguistics; Neural Networks, Neurosciences, Genetic Programming, Artificial Life; Robotics, Agent Modelling and Vision. There are also interdisciplinary links in the following sections: Conference Lists, Organisers and Past Papers; Journals and Publishers; Usenet FAQs; Resource Guides, Bibliographies, Indices. "

AI, CS, & IT Academic Departments & Training

Peterson's Graduate Schools provides a comprehensive, well-maintained list of over 500 graduate programs in computer science and nearly 100 graduate programs in artificial intelligence.

Artificial Intelligence

AI, Cognitive Science & Robotics Research Groups & Resources. Started by Stephanie Warrick and currently maintained by Uwe R. Zimmer. A great way to find research groups from around the world that are working in these areas: 1) Artificial Intelligence; 2) Cognitive Science, Psychology and Linguistics; 30 Neural Networks, Neurosciences, Genetic Programming, Artificial Life; and 4) Robotics, Agent Modelling and Vision.

Intro to AI Courses - provided by Chuck Dyer at the University of Wisconsin.

AI and Related Courses - other than those taught by  Russell Greiner at the University of Alberta.

Principles of Artificial Intelligence: Study Guide (2006). Dr. Vasant Honavar, Department of Computer Science, Iowa State University. You'll find a wealth of information including online readings and Dr. Honavar's Overview of Artificial Intelligence.

The European Coordinating Committee for Artificial Intelligence (ECCAI) sponsors a specialized course in Artificial Intelligence, called Advanced Course on AI (ACAI), which is offered in odd-numbered years.

Stuart Russell on the Future of Artificial Intelligence. Ubiquity; Volume 4, Issue 43 (December 24 - January 6, 2004). One of the questions he's asked is: Is the AI community in the US pretty much the same as it is everywhere, or is there a European school and a US school and so forth?

[W]hen asked by a student what field he might choose if he were a student today, Gates admitted he was intrigued by artificial intelligence and computational biology.

AI in Australia and New Zealand. By the Australian Computer Society National Committee for AI. IEEE Intelligent Systems (July / August 2004). "To provide an overview of AI in Australia and New Zealand, we offer snapshots of AI research throughout the region’s institutes and universities and review its industry and conference activities."

AI Activities in India: Academic Institutions. Compiled by the Special Interest Group in Artificial Intelligence (SIGAI) of The Computer Society of India (CSI).

AI Studies in the Netherlands: a list appearing in the article, Artificial Intelligence: A New Mecca for Multidisciplinary Research, by Robert Metzke. (August 16, 2002). "Interested in the sciences and the humanities? The emerging field of artificial intelligence (AI) spans the intersection of psychology, informatics, and philosophy. And because AI students are trained in such a rich multidisciplinary environment, they have excellent career opportunities."

UK Undergraduate Courses in Artificial Intelligence. From The British Council.

Artificial intelligence - Transforming the world we live in. By Kate Hilpern. Independent Online Edition of Careers Adviser Magazine (October 26, 2007). "The study of artificial intelligence (AI) - even at undergraduate level - has never been so advanced, particularly in the UK, Japan and USA. 'We have a current student on our BSc in AI who is looking at putting emotions on a robot so that if it could show if it was curious or angry,' says Will Browne, lecturer in cybernetics at the University of Reading. ... Most people don't realise the extent to which AI is already used in our everyday lives, believes Brown - making a degree in it an increasingly relevant qualification."

AI - Specifically Machine Learning

Index of Machine Learning Courses. Maintained by Vasant Honavar, Artificial Intelligence Research Group, Department of Computer Science, Iowa State University.

AI - Specifically Robotics

Robotics at Universities. A list of university programs from NASA's Robotics Education Project (REP).

WPI to Offer a PhD in Robotics Engineering: Worcester Polytechnic Institute to offer bachelor's, master's and doctoral programs in robotics.

UK undergraduate courses in robotics. From The British Council.

The robot revolution - As a roboticist you could help build a team of C-3POs and change how we all live forever. By Kate Hilpern. Careers Adviser Magazine / The Independent Online (September 11, 2006). "As with so much else in the stranger-than-fiction world of artificial intelligence and humanoid beings though, the search for the ultimate in robot technology to construct our cars, clean our floors and even perform delicate microsurgery on us, is never going to be that simple. Take the academic background of roboticists themselves. ... "

AI - Specifically Computer Vision

Computer Vision Course Home Pages. Maintained by Qiang Ji, Department of Electrical, Computer, and Systems Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.

Computer Science

ArsDigita University Curriculum online: "The curriculum was modeled on the undergraduate CS program at MIT. Several of the courses were straightforward adoptions of MIT courses. A few were specifically designed for the program, which was roughly in line with the ACM's 2001 Model Curricula for Computing." Courses include:

Video Lectures on Computer Science from Stanford, MIT, Harvard, and others.

Videos of lectures & tutorials from VideoLectures.

UC Berkeley on Google Video: watch free introductory-level lectures covering a variety of subjects.

Free Online Collections of Courses, Lectures, Tutorials and more . . .

MIT OpenCourseWare: "a free and open educational resource for faculty, students, and self-learners around the world. OCW supports MIT's mission to advance knowledge and education, and serve the world in the 21st century."

  • How to go to M.I.T. for free - Online 'intellectual philanthropy' attracts students from every nation on earth. By Gregory M. Lamb. The Christian Science Monitor (January 4, 2007). "By the end of this year, the contents of all 1,800 courses taught at one of the world's most prestigious universities will be available online to anyone in the world, anywhere in the world. Learners won't have to register for the classes, and everyone is accepted. The cost? It's all free of charge. The OpenCourseWare movement, begun at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 2002 and now spread to some 120 other universities worldwide, aims to disperse knowledge far beyond the ivy-clad walls of elite campuses to anyone who has an Internet connection and a desire to learn."
  • The Grill - MIT Professor Hal Abelson on the Hot Seat. The maverick professor talks about giving away MIT courseware, de-fossilizing computer science and wearing the 'nerd' label proudly. By Gary Anthes. Computerworld (August 6, 2007).
  • Courses are offered in areas such as Brain and Cognitive Science s, Electrical Engineering and Computer Science and Science, Technology, and Society, and include, for example:
  • Also visit the OpenCourseWare Consortium: "Universities working together to advance education and empower people worldwide through opencourseware."

Computer Science - our overview page. That's where you'll find resources such as's profile of a Computer Science major.

Guide to Computer Science & IT Schools Online. Online Degree Programs and other training opportunities. "The fields of information technology and computer science are ripe with career opportunities. Professionals in this field are able to be part of the ever-evolving technology sector; changing the way the world works and communicates every day. Whether programming, troubleshooting, or physically repairing computers and electronic devices, Computer Science is rapidly becoming a household-demanded service and a business standard for successful corporations and advancement as well as a booming independent industry. Information technology employs technology and computer utilities to accurately and effectively disseminate information instantaneously. "

Interviews with students: What is it really like to study Artificial Intelligence? From the Department of Artificial Intelligence of the University of Groningen (RUG: Rijksuniversiteit Groningen), Netherlands. "We have asked the experts: the students themselves. ..."

Also see our collection of FAQs which includes:

Be sure to check out the Resources section of the General Index to AI in the news for articles such as Welsh uni to turn science fiction into fact. By David Williamson. The Western Mail / available from i c Wales (August 2, 2004). "Students at a Welsh university are to begin preparing for a world shared with intelligent robots. A new degree in robotics will teach students how to apply science fiction in science. The release of the big-screen adaptation of Isaac Asimov's I, Robot has fuelled speculation about whether robots designed as servants could attempt to become our masters. Dr Mike Reddy at the University of Glamorgan is determined to take these questions from the realm of science fiction and explore them in the new BSc Science (Robotics) degree. ... The science fiction of the 20th century, he argues, not only created the concept of the robot but demonstrated the complexity of the threats, opportunities and moral dilemmas their arrival would spark. ... The degree will be launched next year, but the areas involving the social and ethical concerns of scientists and the need for effective communication of scientific concepts with the public, can currently be studied in BSc (Hons) Science and Science Fiction." graduation cap & diploma

Machine Learning

Machine Learning Summer Schools. The machine learning summer school series was started in 2002 with the motivation to promulgate modern methods of statistical machine learning and inference. It was motivated by the observation that while many students are keen to learn about machine learning, and an increasing number of researchers want to apply machine learning methods to their research problems, only few machine learning courses are taught at universities. Machine learning summer schools present topics which are at the core of modern Machine Learning, from fundamentals to state-of-the-art practice. The speakers are leading experts in their field who talk with enthusiasm about their subjects. This page contains links to past and current schools, as well as the tentative plans for the next years. Note that the videos of many past MLSS courses are available at Videolectures.

Graduate Schools

. . . and for those of you considering graduate school, here are some additional resources: You may find some additional places by identifying the people currently working in AI research areas you are interested in and looking at the web sites of their departments. Please keep in mind that there is no representation whatsoever as to either the quality of the individual resources referenced or that any of these lists are comprehensive or complete. Ratings are often out of date so you will need to do some work.

A Guide for Potential Grad Students: Should You Go To Graduate School? from the Peterson's Guide to Graduate Schools contains discussions of the following questions:

  • 20 reasons to go to graduate school.
  • 15 reasons not to go to graduate school.
  • Types of graduate programs.
  • 10 tips for balancing work, family, and studies.
  • 10 sources of funds for graduate school.
  • What about web-based graduate programs?
  • How much is graduate school really costing you?

It also links to other information such as Grad School Timeline: Charting a course to success which offers good general advice on the sequence of steps to think through when applying to graduate school.

Articles about Graduate School from ACM Crossroads, include:

  • Advice for Undergraduates Considering Graduate School. By Phil Agre. (1997). ACM Crossroads. "This document contains informal advice for undergraduates who are thinking about graduate school. Graduate school comes in three varieties: professional schools (law, medicine, education, etc.), master's programs, and doctoral programs. I know little about either professional schools or master's programs, so I will concentrate on doctoral programs. In particular, I will use the term "graduate school" to refer to doctoral programs."
  • How to Succeed in Graduate School: A Guide for Students and Advisors. By Marie desJardins. (1994). ACM Crossroads.

AI Education resources from ECCAI, the European Coordinating Committee for Artificial Intelligence, has information about AI masters programs.

UK Postgraduate Courses in Artificial Intelligence. From The British Council.

A Brief Guide to Studying Artificial Intelligence in the UK. Provided by Felix Agakov. "This list is far from being complete, but may provide a starting point for recent graduates and last-year undergraduate students willing to study Artificial Intelligence in the UK."

Academic Programs in Cognitive Science. Compiled by the Cognitive Science Society.

Graduate Programs in Robotics. FAQ 6.1 in Kevin Dowling's collection of Robotics FAQs.

UK Postgraduate Courses in Robotics. From The British Council.

FAQ: "I am applying for a Masters course in AI, but in the interim I would like to get a head start in AI programming. Can you suggest which programming language(s) I should learn ?"

FAQ: "I'll be applying this fall/winter to graduate school. I just want to find a few graduate schools with decently interesting Machine Learning/AI programs.... Where should I look?"

How to Choose A Grad School - Figure out what you want and who can give it to you. By Susan Karlin. IEEE Spectrum Online (September 2005).

Applying to Ph.D. Programs in Computer Science: an annual talk given by Mor Harchol-Balter. You can access it in different formats from her homepage. As stated in the Introduction: "This document is intended for people applying to Ph.D. programs in computer science or related areas. The document is informal in nature, and is meant to express only the opinions of the author. The author is currently an assistant professor of computer science at CMU, and has been involved in the Ph.D. admissions process at CMU, U.C. Berkeley, and MIT." The 5 topics covered in the 2003 update are: Do I really want a Ph.D.? & What does a Ph.D. entail?; The Application Process; Fellowship Information; Choosing the right Ph.D. program for you; and, Current 2002 Rankings of CS Ph.D. programs in the U.S.

What's Google's Secret Weapon? An Army of Ph.D.'s. By Randall Stross. The New York Times (June 6, 2004). "Rajeev Motwani, a computer science professor at Stanford, says: 'Good Ph.D. students are extreme in their creativity and self-motivation. Master's students are equally smart but do not have the same drive to create something new.' The master's takes you where others have been; the doctorate, where no one has gone before."

Ranking Caution and Controversy. From the Education and Social Science Library, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. "Many people question the use and usefulness of rankings services such as those found at this site. Without a doubt, knowledge of how rankings are constructed, leavened with a dash of skepticism, can go a long way to ensuring they are used appropriately. In addition to the print articles listed in our rankings bibliography, many interesting Internet-based articles may be found concerning what one should make of rankings. ..."

Some helpful pages from US News & World Report:

What's Up, Postdoc?- How to climb the academic ladder. By Prachi Patel-Predd. IEEE Spectrum (September 2006).

Some of the Many Associations & Organizations

  • AI's Geographic Outreach: Mexico and Latin America. By Francisco J. Cantu. IEEE Intelligent Systems, 18 (3) 78-80 (May/June) 2003. Societies mentioned include: The Argentine Society for Informatics and Operations Research (SADIO), Special Group on Artificial Intelligence (SGAI); The Brazilian Computer Science Society, Special Commission on Artificial Intelligence; The Chilean Computer Science Society (SCCC); The Mexican Society for Artificial Intelligence (SMIA); and The Venezuelan Association for Artificial Intelligence (AVINTIA).
  • AI Matures and Flourishes in North America. By David Mike Hamilton, Tom M. Mitchell, and Carol M. Hamilton. IEEE Intelligent Systems, 18(4): 87-88, c3 (July/August 2003). "Separate artificial intelligence organizations in North America have existed for nearly 40 years. From humble beginnings, when a small interest group served the field, to today, when AI groups serve every niche, AI is flourishing.The oldest AI organization in the region is SIGART, the Association for Computing Machinery’s Special Interest Group on Artificial Intelligence. SIGART began publishing a newsletter for its members in the mid 1960s...."


AAAI: see Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence

The A.I. Honor Society, National Chapter at The George Washington University

Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence: "Founded in 1979, the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI) (formerly the American Association for Artificial Intelligence) is a nonprofit scientific society devoted to advancing the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines. AAAI also aims to increase public understanding of artificial intelligence, improve the teaching and training of AI practitioners, and provide guidance for research planners and funders concerning the importance and potential of current AI developments and future directions."

Association for Computing Machinery Student Chapters (ACM).

  • Also see SIGART, the ACM Special Interest Group on Artificial Intelligence.

"The Association for Women in Computing (AWC) is a not-for-profit, professional organization for individuals with an interest in information technology." Student chapters include: Montana State University and Virginia Tech.

Associations - General AI, in a particular country (FAQ 3-1b). From AI FAQs, written by Ric Crabbe, Amit Dubey, and Mark Kantrowitz. See their index for other categories of associations such as Logic Programming, NLP, and Robotics.

Associazione Italiana per l'Intelligenza Artificiale (AI*IA)

Australian Computer Society’s (ACS) Committee for Artificial Intelligence and Expert Systems.

British Computer Society (BCS) Specialist Group on Artificial Intelligence (SGAI), founded in 1980 as SGES (Specialist Group on Expert Systems).

Canadian Society for Computational Studies of Intelligence (CSCSI)

Coalition to Diversify Computing (CDC)

Computer Society of India (CSI) Special Interest Group in Artificial Intelligence (SIGAI). Be sure to see the special AI issue of CSI Communications.

"Computing Research Association (CRA) is an association of more than 200 North American academic departments of computer science, computer engineering, and related fields; laboratories and centers in industry, government, and academia engaging in basic computing research; and affiliated professional societies. ...

CRA's mission is to strengthen research and advanced education in the computing fields, expand opportunities for women and minorities, and improve public and policymaker understanding of the importance of computing and computing research in our society."

euCognition network, The European Network for the Advancement of Artificial Cognitive Systems. "A key objective of the network is to foster interaction between all the many different scientific sectors involved in this multi-disciplinary area and to help create truly inter-disciplinary perspectives."

European Coordinating Committee for Artificial Intelligence (ECCAI) represents more than 20 member societies.

Florida AI Research Society (FLAIRS). The Florida AI Research Society was founded in 1987 to promote and advance Artificial Intelligence within the State of Florida, including interaction between researchers at the various colleges, universities, and industry. Membership is open to all (Florida residents and non-residents) that attend the yearly conference.

Icelandic Society for Intelligence Research (ISIR)

IEEE Computational Intelligence Society.

  • Scope: "The Field of Interest of the Society shall be the theory, design, application, and development of biologically and linguistically motivated computational paradigms emphasizing neural networks, connectionist systems, genetic algorithms, evolutionary programming, fuzzy systems, and hybrid intelligent systems in which these paradigms are contained."

Israeli Association for Artificial Intelligence (IAAI)

Japanese Society for AI

Oxford University Artificial Intelligence Society - started in 1979.

Portuguese Associaition for Artificial Intelligence.

"The Society for the Study of Artificial Intelligence and the Simulation of Behaviour (SSAISB) is the largest Artificial Intelligence Society in the United Kingdom. Founded in 1964, the society has an international membership drawn from both academia and industry. It is a member of the European Coordinating Committee for Artificial Intelligence."

"The Technology Student Association (TSA) is the only student organization devoted exclusively to the needs of technology education students. Open to students who are enrolled in or who have completed technology education courses, TSA is composed of over 100,000 elementary, middle, and high school students in 2,000 schools spanning 45 states. TSA is supported by educators, parents, and business leaders who believe in the need for a technologically literate society. Our members learn through exciting competitive events, leadership opportunities, and much more!"

And check out related news articles in our Resources news archive. That's where you'll find articles such as:

  • July 11, 2005: Five questions - Jason Kadarusman. Interview by Jonathan Sidener. The San Diego Union-Tribune & "Jason Kadarusman is a co-founder of the Intelligent Systems Society (, an organization being set up to promote the study of robots and other intelligent systems. Kadarusman and co-founder Anuj Sehgal studied computer science and built robots as undergraduates at Brigham Young University-Hawaii. The two are seeking volunteers to serve on the group's board of directors as part of obtaining nonprofit status."

Online Degree or Certificate Programs and Vocational Schools

See Online Training Programs

Career Planning & Employment Opportunities

STEM: Good Jobs Now and For the Future (July 20, 2011) Report from the U.S. Department of Commerce. "Over the past 10 years, growth in STEM [science, technology, engineering, and mathematics] jobs was three times as fast as growth in non-STEM jobs. STEM workers are also less likely to experience joblessness than their non-STEM counterparts"

Why Democracy Needs Computer Science Education by Henry Kautz. CCC Blog edited by Erwin Gianchandani (August 5th, 2011). "...Beyond teaching particular useful skills, computer science teaches ways of thinking that are necessary in order to be an effective and engaged citizen. Computer science teaches an appreciation for complex systems, including the need to understand context and requirements, the unexpected consequences of small changes, and tradeoffs between maintaining a legacy system and building anew from scratch. ...Perhaps most importantly, computer science teaches optimism in the face of enormous complexity. ... indeed, much of the theory of computer science deals with what cannot be computed. Even in the latter case, we retain our optimism, and work on good approximate solutions to inherently intractable problems.

These lessons from computer science support vibrant and progressive democracies. While the humanities may help us sympathize with those who are marginalized and different, the habits of mind inculcated by computer science can lead us to go beyond mere sympathy and create a society that promotes human rights and economic security."

An online guidance counselor offers valuable information about online learning. In particular, see the information on technology programs.

roadsign: career outlook

Best Careers 2008 - 31 Careers With Bright Futures. U.S. News and World Report (December 19, 2007).

  • Best Careers for a Changing Job Landscape. By Marty Nemko. "It has only been a year since U.S. News published Best Careers 2007, yet much has changed. As a result, in Best Careers 2008, we've dropped five of the 25 profiled careers and added 11 new ones. We've also added a new section on Ahead-of-the-Curve Careers. These 12 careers are too nascent or narrow to justify inclusion as a Best Career, but they are currently viable and promise to grow further in demand and importance to society. If you'd enjoy being on the cutting edge, they're certainly worth a look."
    • Ahead of the Curve - Here’s a look at a dozen cutting-edge careers, viable now and poised for future growth. They stem from megatrends like globalization, digitization, and the wave of environmentalism sweeping the world. By Marty Nemko. "Health informatics specialists will, for example, develop expert systems to help doctors and nurses make evidence-based diagnoses and treatments. ... An under-the-radar career that is core to the digital enterprise is data miner. Online customers provide enterprises with high-quality data on what to sell and for individualized marketing. Another star of the digitized world is simulation developer. ... The dawn of clinical genomics. Decades of basic research are finally starting to yield clinical implications. ... [T]he unsung heroes who will bring this true revolution to pass will include computational biologists...."

Cool Careers in Science. From Scientific American Frontiers. Among the questions addressed are: What inspired you? - What do you do during a typical day at work? - If I'm a student thinking about a career designing and building robots, what can I do now to prepare?

  • "Meet Maja Mataric. Maja is working on developing the next generation of intelligent robots!"
  • "Meet Roger D. Quinn. He's teamed up with biologist Roy Ritzmann to design and build a robot that imitates the cockroach, an insect with superior locomotion."
  • "Meet Manuela Veloso. With her students at Carnegie Mellon University, Manuela designs soccer-playing robots that have won international RoboCup competitions."
  • Also see this interview from the Carnegie Mellon Look Who's Talking collection.

Profile: James McLurkin. NOVA Science NOW (broadcast date: January 25, 2005) "James McLurkin of MIT is one of the world's leading designers of robot 'swarms' -- groups of robots that work together for a greater purpose. ... See the 10-minute broadcast segment chronicling McLurkin's personal and work life." [Also see this other broadcast about his career.]

Hot Skills, Cold Skills - The IT worker of 2010 won't be a technology guru but rather a 'versatilist.' By Stacy Collett. Computerworld (July 17, 2006). Page 5: "Internet - HOT ... * Artificial intelligence * Data mining ... In the online banking industry, businesses want to manage all of their customers' money -- from mortgages to school loans to retirement accounts. To be successful in 2010, they must create Web sites that are user-friendly, with artificial intelligence, data mining and data warehousing capabilities, [David] Foote says. ... Business Intelligence - HOT ... * Data mining ..."

Hot 6-figure jobs now. By Jeanne Sahadi, (2007). "We asked, and to ferret out $100,000 jobs where there has been a spike in listings in recent months. Here are 5 areas where the demand for talent appears to be outpacing the supply. ... Engineering jobs - Manufacturing: To compete, manufacturers need to further automate the production process and make it more cost-efficient. That has put talented mechanical engineers and robotics engineers in the catbird seat career-wise."

"Q) What would you be looking at today if you were an independent entrepreneur? [Bill Gates]: Something dramatic like artificial intelligence. Biology. Energy." From "Our Sixty Minutes with Bill Gates", Steve Rubel's Micro Persuasion blog (December 14, 2006) [Link now broken].

It's a woman's world wide web. By Celeste Biever. New Scientist (November 25, 2006; Issue 2579: pages 58-59). "'There is nothing traditional or geeky about me,' says Wendy Hall. Her insight and wit may betray her intellect, but there are no outward signs that she is a computer scientist. In fact, this gregarious woman with a warm, cheeky laugh and a strong London accent is among the best and brightest. As well as heading the University of Southampton's world-class electronics and computer science department, Hall is senior vice-president of the Royal Academy of Engineering; sits on the Council for Science and Technology, which advises the prime minister; and works in close collaboration with Tim Berners-Lee, the 'father of the web'. So why does a woman who is indifferent to writing computer code or discussing processor speed choose a career in IT, a field with an undeniable reputation for being dominated by nerdy men? ... "

Artificial intelligence - Transforming the world we live in. By Kate Hilpern. Independent Online Edition of Careers Adviser Magazine (October 26, 2007). "The study of artificial intelligence (AI) - even at undergraduate level - has never been so advanced, particularly in the UK, Japan and USA. 'We have a current student on our BSc in AI who is looking at putting emotions on a robot so that if it could show if it was curious or angry,' says Will Browne, lecturer in cybernetics at the University of Reading. ... Most people don't realise the extent to which AI is already used in our everyday lives, believes Brown - making a degree in it an increasingly relevant qualification."

Also see:

  • Artificial Intelligence and Robotics - The development of robotics and artificial intelligence is likely to affect all our futures. By Dr Margaret Fraser, Robert Gordon University School of Engineering, Aberdeen (September 4, 2002).
  • Informatics - The science of information is rapidly gaining importance and popularity. From Which Course? Magazine. Issue 30.4  (January 29, 2002). "Informatics is developing as a science ­ concerned with the processing and communication of information in all its forms, by both artificial (for example, by computer) and natural means (the human brain)."

Fuzzy Logic, Adventures in Artificial Intelligence. By Clinton Parks. Science Careers (November 7, 2003). "[Ayanna] Howard has always been driven by her desire to 'build seamless human-robot interface systems. As a third grader I watched The Bionic Woman and became interested in robotics and making robots smarter,' she says. ... [H]er internship at JPL [NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory] in 1990 introduced her to the world of artificial intelligence (AI) research. She enjoyed the experience so much that she returned to JPL every summer. After completing her B.S. in computer engineering at Brown, Howard decided to turn her summer research sessions in AI into graduate-level study."

3 articles from Newsweek's September 23, 2002 report on Hot Tech Careers:

A Career in Artificial Intelligence. New Scientist Graduate - Choose a Career. "Until Steven Spielberg's movie came along, the two things that spring to mind when most people heard the term AI were artificial insemination or very crude robot brains. But slowly artificial intelligence is making its way into the mainstream and the process is drawing in graduates from a many fields as its full potential begins to dawn."

A Day In The Life. From ACM Crossroads. A collection of interviews which provide a peek into the lives of computer scientists, interface designers, and others. Computing Careers from ACM: "Welcome! In all likelihood, you have come to this site to find out more about the exciting field of computing." Be sure to download their Cool Careers brochure.

Career perspectives after studying AI. From the Department of Artificial Intelligence of the University of Groningen (RUG: Rijksuniversiteit Groningen), Netherlands. "[T]he best impression of what you can do after studying Artificial Intelligence comes from the real world. We will therefore quote some graduated students: ... "

What's Up, Postdoc? - How to climb the academic ladder. By Prachi Patel-Predd. IEEE Spectrum (September 2006). "Roughly 28 percent of all electrical and computer engineering Ph.D.s follow the academic career path, according to a 2003 survey of doctoral recipients by the U.S. National Science Foundation. After five or six years as graduate students -- a grueling stretch of time spent in proving that they can develop their own ideas and become well versed in research methods and goals -- freshly minted Ph.D.s find themselves at the bottom rung of the academic ladder. Now their objectives must be to prove themselves in their fields, contribute to the learning in those fields, and in countries where it is offered, get tenure. ... The system varies widely in Europe. In most countries, including France, Germany, and Italy, only senior academics are appointed professors, a venerable, tenured position. Junior faculty members, typically called lecturers, can have fixed-term or permanent contracts, but they usually do not move up the ranks at the same university."

The Princeton Review explores a career as a Robotics Engineer in a series of pages that include A Day in the Life, Past & Future, and Facts & Figures.

Dream Jobs 2005. IEEE Spectrum Online (February 2005) - Ayanna Howard: Robot Wrangler. By Stephen Cass."She's designing future generations of robotic explorers to bring back even more science for the buck. Her goal: a robot that can be dropped off on a planet and wander around on its own...."

"Like all creators, scientists and technologists must dream, must put forth a vision, or else they relegate their work to almost pointless incrementalism." - Edward Feigenbaum

Information about a career in robotics. See our response to this student inquiry.

How about a careers as an Artificial Intelligence Analyst with the Internal Revenue Service: "As an Artificial Intelligence Specialist, you will apply artificial intelligence techniques and other advanced computing skills to solve IRS business problems using neural networks, data mining, encryption, agent-based modeling, expert systems, text generation and natural language, and sophisticated Web applications."

Majors & Careers. From the College Board. Here is just a sample of what you'll find:

"The high technology sector is where everybody from a computer programmer to a game designer, a chemist to a lab technician, and a telephone technician to a web designer works. ... Careers of the Future gives you a current snapshot of many of the jobs in those industries. The information is based on interviews with managers and employees in B.C. companies and post-secondary educational institutions." Gaming and Robotics are just two of the industries profiled in this resource from Future Works Training, Inc.

Our collection of AI Career & Employment Statistics students looking at pie chart on computer screen

Occupational Outlook Handbook (2006-2007), from the U.S. Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics. Information about jobs in the computer industry, the employment outlook, salary ranges, related careers, and much more.

Careers for Computer Science Graduates. From The University of Toronto Computer Science Department.

AI Job Opportunities from the AI Magazine Job Bank.

Career & Job Center from the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM).

Check out our FAQ: How do I prepare for a job in AI?

Some related news articles from the AI in the news - Resources collection:

  • A few good women - Tech firms want more female computer whizzes. By Marci Mcdonald. U.S. News & World Report / (August 16, 2004). "That sense of isolation and inadequacy is one reason the number of women earning computer science degrees in this country has plummeted over the past two decades -- with women dropping from 37 percent to 28 percent of graduates -- at the very moment their presence in other scientific and engineering disciplines has soared. 'You look at the national statistics,' says Rick Rashid, senior vice president of research at Microsoft, 'and you just have to be appalled.' Until recently, many in the high-tech industry shrugged off that female brain drain. They could fill top information-technology slots from abroad or American doctoral programs, where foreign nationals still snag half the Ph.D.'s. But suddenly homeland security issues and visa hurdles have clogged that foreign pipeline. And countries like India are luring their U.S.-educated citizens back home to their own burgeoning Silicon Valleys. ... Faced with forecasts of a looming brainpower shortage -- and the retirement of those baby boomers who are the industry's pioneers -- many leading U.S. players fear the country could lose its competitive edge. 'Over the next seven years, our hiring needs are going to be huge,' says Wayne Johnson, executive director of HP's university relations worldwide. 'If you don't have half the U.S. population participating, you have a tremendous gap in filling these needs. What we're doing here is creating a disadvantage for ourselves as a nation.'"
  • Talking to Bill. Interview by Gary Stix. Scientific American (May 24, 2004). "On the occasion of the fourth TechFest at Microsoft Research--an event at which researchers demonstrate their work to the company’s product developers--Bill Gates talked with Scientific American’s Gary Stix on topics ranging from artificial intelligence to cosmology to the innate immune system. A slightly edited version of the conversation follows. ... BG: ... it's not clear whether we're getting the best and brightest in the U.S. to go into these programs and contribute to solving these problems. SA: Why is that? BG: Oh, it's partly that the bubble burst. It's partly articulating the benefits of the field and the variety of jobs. People have to know that these are social jobs, not just sitting in cubicles programming at night. Our field is still not doing a good job drawing in minorities or women, so you're giving up over half the potential entrants just right there. ..."
  • Robots to the rescue. By Dave Scheiber. St. Petersburg Times (March 2, 2003) . "In the war on terror, University of South Florida engineering professor Robin Murphy finds herself a pioneer on the front line with a new kind of soldier: the search-and-rescue robot. ... Her father was a mechanical engineer, and growing up in Mobile, Ala., Murphy took notice: 'That's what I always wanted to be.' She immersed herself in science fiction, a passion that one day would lead her to name her robots after female science-fiction writers. 'I never really identified with the heroes, the ones who fought all the space wars,' she says. 'I always thought the scientists who built things for these guys to go and do great things were far more interesting.' ... 'I just want to be of use,' she says, as her bustling robot seminar winded down last week. 'You look at what these guys in fire and rescue service have to do. The technology is there to help them. And it's up to my community of scientists to get to where we can give the right technology to the right people at the right time.'"
  • The Software Developer as Movie Icon. Editorial by Warren Harrison. IEEE Software (January/February 2003; Vol. 20, No. 1, pages 5 - 7). "As a college professor, I often get an opportunity to speak with incoming freshmen who have decided to major in computer science. Virtually all these young people share a single attribute: they have no idea what a professional software developer does. This means that many students who pick this career will either be unsuccessful or, worse yet, successful at a career they'll hate until they retire. At the same time, many students who would find the profession enjoyable and be quite good at it might not give it a second thought."
  • In UT program, 'citizen-scholars' put knowledge to work. By Rich Cherwitz, Sarah Rodriguez and Julie Sievers. The Austin American-Statesman (December 1, 2002). "Ask computer science doctoral candidate Harold Chaput what artificial intelligence and digital technology, the subject of his dissertation, have to do with the lives of people, and you'll see the passion driving his research. 'Technology,' said Chaput, 'is a tool for doing important, fascinating, powerful, beautiful things."
  • The Next Hot Jobs. By Chris Taylor. (posted May 14, 2002: from the June 2002 issue of SmartMoney Magazine). "This being our 10th anniversary year, we thought it was a good time to look ahead to the next decade and figure out which fields are destined for growth. ... Though our list gives you a glimpse of the future, it is grounded in the real. ... Bioinformatician - The fusion of biology and computer science is the hottest of the hot in science right now, and it's going to heat up even more. ... Data Miner - You've no doubt heard by now that your personal info is just sitting out on the Web, waiting for marketers to capitalize on it. But how exactly do they sift through the info glut? Enter the data miner.... A.I. Programmer - Artificial intelligence used to be the stuff of sci-fi novels. Now it has spread from androids into all sorts of everyday fields, each of which is booming. ... Salaries start at $50,000 and climb to $70,000 to $80,000 after a few years."
  • Game Programmer/Developer: The name of this game is resumes -- and fun. New UW program on thinking inside the Xbox and GameCube fills fast. By Ruth Schubert. Seattle Post-Intelligencer (December 31, 2001). "And wages in the field average $61,403, according to an industry survey."
  • Things That Matter: A Technology Corps. By Michael Hawley. Technology Review (November 2001). "Why so few computer scientists and engineers join the Peace Corps is unclear. Perhaps it's because most technologists are trained in environments that require a lot of infrastructure and support in order to push through to the next discovery. ... There are, however, rays of hope. One fledgling approach ... is Geekcorps. Launched by Ethan Zuckerman, who cofounded the successful Web service company Tripod, Geekcorps sends SWAT teams of technologists into the field to give the world's poorest people access to the Internet. The Geekcorps folk work with local communities to build the infrastructure needed to bootstrap local businesses."
    • Also see: Geeks to the Corps. By Aleks Krotoski. Technology Review (February 16, 2005). "While the Peace Corps builds houses, lays pipes and teaches chemistry, the International Executive Service Corps/Geekcorps has a more high-tech raison d' etre.Since early 2000, the charitable organization has been sending programmers, network designers and technical support to cities in some of the most impoverished nations in the world."
  • CMU's push to put more females in computer science is paying off. By Bill Schackner, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette Staff Writer. (August 20, 1999) "Experts say the shortage of women in computing is more than a problem of gender equity. It has made it harder to fill positions in some of the hottest technical fields. In programming alone, several hundred thousand jobs now go begging, according to some estimates. Women bring different perspectives that could help the discipline's evolution, and their absence means those ideas aren't being tapped, Martin and others say."


Internship Opportunity Links from Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) Crossroads.

How to find an internship. From

Find an Internship Abroad - Use this search to find internships in countries all over the world. Available from U.S.News & World Report.

Wooing interns to Silicon Valley. By Stefanie Olsen. CNET (July 3, 2007).

Here's a very small sample of the variety of interships that might be available:

  • ACCELERATE BC: "an internship program that connects B.C. [British Columbia, Canada] businesses with graduate student interns and their professors to help create innovative business practices, products and solve ongoing industry challenges."
  • Google Student Jobs
  • IBM Research Summer Internships &amp The Extreme Blue™ program
  • Microsoft Internship Opportunities
  • Mitsubishi Electric Research Laboratories (MERL) Intern Program
  • Museum of Science, Boston - Technology Education Intern: "The staff, volunteers and exhibits of Cahners ComputerPlace provide a highly diverse group of visitors the opportunity to learn about computer science topics such as robotics, artificial intelligence, and programming and to explore computers as a tool for helping us understand and change our world."
  • NIST: SURFing the Information Technology Laboratory: one of the seven Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) programs offered by the National Institute of Standards and Technology.
  • Phoenix Student Interns Program: "NASA is committed to helping develop and inspire the next generation of explorers, scientists, engineers, and researchers. Now NASA wants to involve [selected teachers and their chosen students] in the excitement of Mars exploration and discovery! The Phoenix Student Interns Program (PSIP) is a unique opportunity to become part of the Phoenix Science Team for the 2007-2008 Phoenix Mars Lander Mission."
  • "USC's Institute for Creative Technologies offers select interdisciplinary internships for creative and technical students wishing to pursue careers in simulation and virtual reality fields. ... Research and project work at ICT includes the following topics: * Artificial Intelligence * Emotional Models for Virtual Characters * Natural Language and Multi-modal Dialogue ...."

Something for Everyone

Something for EVERYONE: Equality & Diversity in AI and the Computer Sciences'''

AAAI Grants and Scholarships (click on the "Eligibility for AAAI Scholarships" link). "Through its Women and Minority grants, AAAI supports programs that specialize in reaching out to these communities to encourage careers in computer science."

"The Ada Project (TAP), originally located at Yale, is a website designed to serve as a clearinghouse for information and resources relating to women in computing." And for the younger crowd, there's TAP Junior.

Anita Borg Institute for Women and Technology. "Since 1995, ABI has developed tools and programs designed to help industry, academia and government recruit, retain and develop women technology leaders." - from the Mission statement.

CRA-W: "The goal of the CRA Committee on the Status of Women in Computing research (CRA-W) is to take positive action to increase the number of women participating in Computer Science and Engineering (CSE) research and education at all levels."

"CS-Camp [Computer Science Computing and Mentorinng Partnership] is a support program designed to enhance the interest and persistence of female students in pre-college computer science." It is funded by the National Science Foundation and is one of the many programs at Rice University's Center for Excellence and Equity in Education (CEEE) which "seeks to promote greater participation of underrepresented groups in the sciences, and to encourage academic excellence for all." Other programs include: GirlTEC - " In response to a serious shortage of women in computer science and information technology, GirlTECH works to promote the participation of girls and women through K-12 student and teacher programs, university student admission and retention programs, and national outreach and awareness efforts."

CSE Colloquia - 2005, The University of Washington Computer Science & Engineering Colloquium Series, is available in video format from the ResearchChannel, and includes talks such as:

  • Computer Science Participation: "Despite decades of intervention, women and minorities remain significantly underrepresented in computer science and engineering at all levels of the academic pipeline. In this CSE Distinguished Lecture, Professor Jan Cuny, University of Oregon, reviews a number of existing efforts at the national level and calls for broad new alliances to solve this problem."
  • Gender, Lies and Video Games - Women and Computer Sciences: "Princeton University professor, Maria Klawe, explores how girls and women differ from boys and men in their uses of, and attitudes towards, computers and computing. From playing computer games to pursuing computing careers, the participation of females in the computer sciences tends to be very low compared to that of males. Klawe discusses research findings on this issue and initiatives designed to increase the participation of females in computing."

The Center for Women and Information Technology at the University of Maryland Baltimore County. The Center has a three-fold mission:

  • to encourage more women and girls to study computer science and/or information systems and to pursue careers in IT
  • to enable more women and girls to use IT comfortably and knowledgeably and to understand its rapidly increasing importance in every field, not just in science and technology but also in the arts, the humanities, and the social sciences
  • to foster research concerning the relationship between gender and IT

Computer Girl: an Association for Computing Machinery's Committee on Women in Computing (ACM-W) project. "This web site is designed to focus on female high school students. Thus, all of the research on this site is specifically chosen to address their questions and concerns.

Diversity in Computing. An interview with Valerie Taylor "associate professor in the Electrical and Computing Engineering Department at Northwestern University" from Ubiquity, an ACM IT Magazine & Forum (Issue 26: August 28 - September 3, 2001).

Empowering Leadership Alliance.

  • Empowering Leadership: Computing Scholars of Tomorrow Alliance Announces Mentoring Program for Minority Students (January 2, 2008 press release): "The National Science Foundation-supported 'Empowering Leadership: Computing Scholars of Tomorrow' Alliance (EL Alliance) has launched its online mentoring program designed to connect undergraduate and graduate minority students from research universities across the country with national leaders in the computing fields. Protégés and mentors are encouraged to sign up.

Ethical Considerations in Gender-Oriented Entertainment Technology. By Melissa Chaika. ACM Crossroads Student Magazine (2.2 / November 1995). "It is an established fact that women are not entering technical fields in anywhere near the proportions of men. What is often assumed, however incorrectly, is that this has always been the status quo."

The Faces of Science: African Americans in the Sciences. An internet presentation from Mitchell C. Brown, Librarian, Princeton University. Be sure to scroll down to the entries for "Computer Scientists." woman at computer

Gender Equity Project at the Berkeley Expert Systems Technology Lab "is a series of research and deployment projects aimed at increasing the number of women who enter and persist in engineering. Our approach is to remove inequities and barriers that have been shown to discourage underrepresented students and develop equitable learning environments that improve engineering education for both men and woman."

Gender Equity Project. Berkeley Expert Systems Technology Lab, Department of Engineering, University of California, Berkeley. "The Gender Equity program is a series of research and deployment projects aimed at increasing the number of women who enter and persist in engineering. Our approach is to remove inequities and barriers that have been shown to discourage underrepresented students and develop equitable learning environments that improve engineering education for both men and women."

"Girls In Technology - a subcommittee of Women in Technology. "The mission of Girls in Technology is to support academic and community programs that engage school-age girls in technology and computer-related learning. This support can take many forms such as providing mentors and speakers, assisting with program and curriculum development, providing financial support, and collaborating with strategic partners to expose school-age girls to technology. ... Currently, GIT furthers its mission by supporting summer camps and after school computer clubs for girls that provide technology/math/science enrichment and promote leadership skills."

  • Also see Kathleen Melymuka's interview with Marla Ozarowski, Chair of the Girls in Technology Committee, in Computerworld (January 24, 2005)

MESA USA. "California MESA is a founding member of MESA USA, a partnership of MESA programs from eight states that have joined together to support disadvantaged and underrepresented students to achieve academically in math, science and engineering and go on to attain math-based degrees. Members include MESA programs in Arizona, California, Colorado, Maryland, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah and Washington. ... Pilot MESA pre-college programs have been established in Missouri, Nevada and New York. In 2004 a Diversity in Engineering grant from HP established MESA community college pilot programs in Florida, Georgia, Illinois, New Jersey and New York."

  • HP-MESA Community College Diversity in Engineering Initiative (2004): "HP is committed to the success of African American, American Indian, Latino, and female community college students in their pursuit of computer science and engineering degrees. This Diversity in Engineering grant initiative will help to establish up to ten (10) Diversity in Engineering centers at community colleges across the U.S. to support educationally disadvantaged students, and provide equipment to pilot the innovative use of wireless mobile technology in related math/science classrooms. This initiative is offered in partnership with MESA...."

MiSciNet, the Minority Scientists Network: "a collaborative effort involving the ScienceCareers Web site and the AAAS [American Association for the Advancement of Science] directorate for Education and Human Resources."

A National Analysis of Minorities in Science and Engineering Faculties at Research Universities. Report by Dr. Donna Nelson (October 31, 2007). Online Ethics Center for Engineering and Science.

Online Ethics Center. National Academy of Engineering.

Online Resources For Women and Minorities in Science and Technology. Maintained by Bonnie Bracey.

STARS Alliance (Students & Technology in Academia, Research & Service). Mission: "... to increase the participation of women, under-represented minorities, and persons with disabilities in computing disciplines through multi-faceted interventions focused on the influx and progression of students from middle school through graduate school in programs that lead to computing careers. ..."

UK Resource Centre for Women in SET [Science, Engineering and Technology]. As explained on the "About the Centre" page, it "is an innovative centre set up to complement the Government's new 10 year investment framework for Science and Innovation. It is the mission of the UKRC to establish a dynamic centre that provides accessible, high quality information and advisory services to industry, academia, professional institutes, education and Research Councils within the SET and built environment professions, whilst supporting women entering and progressing in SET careers."

Computing Research Association Committee on the Status of Women in Computing Research. "The field of computer science offers challenge, fun, and the chance to contribute to innovations that improve the quality of our lives. Traditionally, men have outnumbered women in computer science and engineering, but that trend has been changing. Increasingly, women are becoming successful computer scientists and engineers, reaping the career benefits, and telling their stories. Their successes are attracting more women to the field.

Women@SCS; School of Computer Science, Carnegie Mellon University. "The Women@SCS mission is to create, encourage, and support women's academic, social, and professional opportunities in the computer sciences and to promote the breadth of the field and its diverse community."

Women and Minority grants. AAAI supports programs that specialize in reaching out to these communities to encourage careers in computer science. See Eligibility for AAAI Scholarships.

Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering. A collection of resources from Ellen Spertus that includes: Women in AI. Researched and written by Dale Strok, Staff Editor, IEEE Expert. This article appeared in IEEE Expert, Vol. 7, No. 4, August 1992. Copyright 1992 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.

Some related news articles from the AI in the news - Resources collection:

  • Computer Science Takes Steps to Bring Women to the Fold. By Cornelia Dean. The New York Times (April 17, 2007). "For decades, undergraduate women have been moving in ever greater numbers into science and engineering departments at American universities. Yet even as they approach or exceed enrollment parity in mathematics, biology and other fields, there is one area in which their presence relative to men is static or even shrinking: computer science. Women received about 38 percent of the computer science bachelor’s degrees awarded in the United States in 1985, the peak year, but in 2003, the figure was only about 28 percent, according to the National Science Foundation. ... They are concerned about this trend, they say, not just because they want to see young women share the field’s challenges and rewards, but also because they regard the relative absence of women as a troubling indicator for American computer science generally -- and for the economic competitiveness that depends on it. 'Women are the canaries in the coal mine,' Lenore Blum, a computer scientist at Carnegie Mellon University, told an audience at Harvard University in March, in a talk on this 'crisis' in computer science. ... These experts play down the two explanations most often offered for flagging enrollment: the dot-com bust and the movement of high-tech jobs offshore. ... According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, demand for computer scientists in the United States will only increase in coming years, Dr. [Jan] Cuny said. ... The big problems, these and other experts say, are prevailing images of what computer science is and who can do it. ... At one time, said Barbara Grosz, a computer scientist and dean of sciences at the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Studies at Harvard, students entered college with little idea of what computer science involved, 'so they would try it and find out how much fun and how interesting it was, women included.' Now, though, she said in an e-mail message, 'they get the wrong idea in high school and we never see them to correct the misperception.' ... At Brown University, for example, an organization called Women in Computer Science @Brown runs the Artemis Project, which brings ninth-grade girls from schools in Providence, R.I., to the university campus for five weeks each summer. Its goal is to help the girls learn both concrete computer skills and abstract computer science concepts 'in a positive and encouraging environment.'"
  • It's a woman's world wide web. By Celeste Biever. New Scientist (November 25, 2006; Issue 2579: pages 58-59). "'There is nothing traditional or geeky about me,' says Wendy Hall. Her insight and wit may betray her intellect, but there are no outward signs that she is a computer scientist. In fact, this gregarious woman with a warm, cheeky laugh and a strong London accent is among the best and brightest. As well as heading the University of Southampton's world-class electronics and computer science department, Hall is senior vice-president of the Royal Academy of Engineering; sits on the Council for Science and Technology, which advises the prime minister; and works in close collaboration with Tim Berners-Lee, the 'father of the web'. So why does a woman who is indifferent to writing computer code or discussing processor speed choose a career in IT, a field with an undeniable reputation for being dominated by nerdy men? ... "
  • African-American achievers in modern science - Meet scientists who work with invisible lights, nanomachines, and robots that sing songs. By Keely Parrack. The Christian Science Monitor & (February 21, 2006). "February is Black History Month. In celebration of the contributions that African-Americans have made to science, we talked to three black scientists who are making history today with their groundbreaking work. ... James McLurkin, computer scientist - Meet James McLurkin and his 112 robots. ..."
  • In computer science, a growing gender gap - Women shunning a field once seen as welcoming. By Marcella Bombardieri. The Boston Globe (December 18, 2005). "As a young high school teacher in 1982, Diane Souvaine leapt into graduate school for computer science having taken only one class in the subject. Computers, she believed, offered an exhilarating way to apply her math skills to real-world problems. And because computer science was coming into its own in the feminist age, she also hoped it would be more welcoming to women than her undergraduate math department. Today, Souvaine chairs the Tufts University computer science department, which has more female professors than male. But few younger women have followed in her generation's footsteps. Next spring, when 22 computer science graduates accept their Tufts diplomas, only four will be women. Born in contemporary times, free of the male-dominated legacy common to other sciences and engineering, computer science could have become a model for gender equality. In the early 1980s, it had one of the highest proportions of female undergraduates in science and engineering. And yet with remarkable speed, it has become one of the least gender-balanced fields in American society. In a year of heated debate about why there aren't more women in science, the conversation has focused largely on discrimination, the conflicts between the time demands of the scientific career track and family life, and what Harvard University President Lawrence H. Summers famously dubbed 'intrinsic aptitude.' But the history of computer science demonstrates that more elusive cultural factors can have a major impact on a field's ability to attract women. ... "
  • Who are the new computer whizzes? Not the guy with a pocket protector, but a middle-aged minority woman. By Sandra Lilley. NBC News & (July 19, 2005). "Pop quiz: Which schools produced the most degrees in computer science in 2001? MIT? Carnegie Mellon? Georgia Tech? If you guessed any of these, you’re wrong: try Strayer University and DeVry Institute of Technology. And what kind of student is most likely to take up computer science at Strayer or DeVry? If you guessed a young geeky guy with a pocket saver, guess again: try a 35-year-old African American or Hispanic woman who already has a full-time job at a company where information technology (IT) skills are a key to advancement. ... 'We were so blown away by this,' remarked Dr. Shirley Malcom, director of Education and Human Resources at the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), and one of the authors of the report, 'Preparing Women and Minorities for the IT Workforce: The Role of Nontraditional Educational Pathways.' The researchers came up with an interesting -- yet disturbing -- conclusion. While adults, many of them women and minorities, are realizing they have to go out and obtain degrees in computer science to advance or just keep up at the workplace, the 'traditional' young students in four-year colleges are increasingly deciding not to major in computer science. ... At Strayer, over half the student body is comprised of women and minorities, and according to McCoy, the number of Latino students has been rising significantly."
  • Q&A with Mark Dean - director of IBM's Almaden Research Center spoke about his research, his work on the original IBM personal computer and promoting African-Americans' interest in science. By Therese Poletti. The Mercury News (March 20, 2005; registration req'd.). "Q You are a rare African-American very high up in the engineering ranks in technology. Do you go out to try and get more blacks interested in science? A It's a big part of my time, spare and otherwise. IBM has a tremendous amount of effort in promoting and recruiting minorities in engineering and the sciences. We believe that the industry needs to mimic society. We need to mix, we need to match the mix that exists in society, or we won't be able to produce products that get to all of our constituency. We have a heavy push. I'm so serious that I'm looking for every minority Ph.D. graduate that is coming out of school, from computer science, electrical engineering, chemistry, physics, and maybe a few others. But I need to find every under-represented minority. We have blacks, Hispanics, American Indians. I want to hire every one of them. The good and the bad is that it's possible because there aren't that many. ..."
  • Opening doors for women in computing. By Ed Frauenheim and Alorie Gilbert. CNET (February 7, 2005). "Data from the National Science Foundation shows that the female share of bachelor's degrees in computer science dropped from 37 percent in 1985 to 28 percent in 2001. And while women comprised 33 percent of information technology professionals in 1990, that figure was down to 26 percent in 2002, according to NSF. The drop is puzzling in part because women are making progress in related areas such as the natural sciences. On the other hand, some efforts to bring women back to computing appear to be paying off. That's seen as vital for reasons including fueling the nation's tech economy and preventing male bias in the way future technology is developed. ... One of the newest and most ambitious groups to emerge is the National Center for Women and Information Technology, a nonprofit based at the University of Colorado at Boulder that received a four-year, $3.25 million grant last year from the National Science Foundation. The group's goal is to increase the ranks of women in the U.S. computing and IT work force from about 25 percent today to 50 percent over the next 20 years. ... Another focus is reforming college computer science programs to make them less about weeding out weak students and more about encouraging all comers to succeed."

Competitions, Conferences & Other Events

AAAI Awards, including the AAAI Intel Science and Engineering Awards.

AAAI-07 Video Competition: "The goal of this competition is to communicate to the world how much fun AI (research and application) is and, in particular, to document exciting research and applications using artificial intelligence. The rules are simple: Compose a short video about an exciting AI project, and narrate it in a way that makes your video accessible to a broad online audience. We strongly encourage student participation. This is your chance to make a cool online video about your AI research and/or application, and get a ton of attention!"

AI Conferences and Meetings. From AAAI. "AAAI sponsors and cosponsors a number of conferences each year. The list of cosponsored events changes from year to year. The National Conference on Artificial Intelligence --- AAAI's summer national conference --- promotes theoretical and applied AI research as well as intellectual interchange among researchers and practitioners. The technical program features substantial, original research and practices. Conference panel discussions and invited presentations identify significant social, philosophical, and economic issues influencing AI's development throughout the world."

Calendar of Events. From AI Magazine. students  looking at message board

Computer Science Conferences & Workshops. DBLP Bibliography. Maintained by Michael Ley.

DARPA Grand Challenge: Urban Challenge - November 3, 2007: "Teams will compete to build an autonomous vehicle able to complete a 60-mile urban course safely in less than 6 hours."

Data Mining Competitions. From KDnuggets.

"The 'EURON Technology Transfer Award' was created in 2003 in order to improve the quality of robotics research and to raise the profile of technology transfer between science and industry. Now to be presented annually, the Award is intended for outstanding innovations in robot technology and automation arising from the cooperation between research and industry."

Events & Conferences. A collection of links from the Open Directory Project.

General Game Playing Competition. "The AAAI General Game Playing Competition is designed to test the abilities of general game playing systems by comparing their performance on a variety of games."

Grace Hopper Celebration of Women in Computing: "a series of conferences designed to bring the research and career interests of women in computing to the forefront. Presenters are leaders in their respective fields, representing industrial, academic and government communities. Leading researchers present their current work, while special sessions focus on the role of women in today's technology fields, including computer science, information technology, research and engineering.

High School Programming Contests. From ACM's collection of Student Competitions.

Imagine Cup, the student technology competition sponsored by Microsoft. "Let’s face it --- the world needs help. The kind of help that happens when you take the top young technologists from around the globe and turn them loose on solving the world’s toughest problems. That’s what Imagine Cup is all about. Imagine Cup is your chance to innovate, show the world what you’ve got, and win some serious prizes. Simply put, it’s your chance to use the power of technology to better the world --- and have some fun while you’re at it." The latest contest information is available from theSpoke.

"The Intel International Science and Engineering Fair (Intel ISEF) is the world's largest pre-college science competition that provides an opportunity for the world's best young scientists and inventors to come together to share ideas, showcase cutting-edge science projects, and compete for more than U.S. $3 million in awards and scholarships."

  • As part of the Intel International Science and Engineering Fair, the world’s largest high school celebration of science, the American Association for Artificial Intelligence recognizes ten high school students for their outstanding projects with an artificial intelligence component. Each winner receives a $500 cash award (joint authors shared the cash award), a one-year membership in AAAI, and a one-year subscription to AAAI’s AI Magazine for the student’s high school. "AAAI members who judged this competition were quite impressed by the caliber of work these students demonstrate," said AAAI Executive Director Carol Hamilton. "We hope this award encourages these promising young students to continue pursuing their interest in AI." See these press releases for the names of the winners and their projects:

The North American Computational Linguistics Olympiad (NAMCLO): "Like former [Linguistics] Olympiads, NAMCLO is a Linguistics contest. It challenges you to demonstrate your ability to understand and analyze human language. Unlike former contests, however, the NAMCLO focuses on Computational Linguistics problems, in addition to general linguistic ones."

North East Student Colloquium on Artificial Intelligence (NESCAI). Why come? "The primary purposes of NESCAI are to foster discussion among graduate students from the region, provide graduate students opportunities to present their work and get feedback about it, and to allow networking among the students."

RL 2008, The Second Annual RL Competition: "Welcome to the official website for the Second Annual Reinforcement Learning Competition. Building on last year's competition and the benchmarking events that preceded it, this event will be a forum for reinforcement learning researchers to rigorously compare the performance of their methods on a suite of challenging domains."

Robot Competition Links. From Robot

Science fairs spur careers, open doors to top colleges. By Bruce Lieberman. Union-Tribune & (March 31, 2006). "For decades, science fairs across the United States have cultivated budding physicists, biologists, astronomers, engineers, computer scientists, professors and other researchers.

Winners of national science fairs have gone on to receive the Nobel Prize; the MacArthur Fellowship 'genius grant'; the Fields Medal, mathematics' top prize; the National Medal of Science; and other distinctions. Teenagers who shine at science fairs often see scholarship money flow and college doors open. ... A science project takes discipline, determination and persistence, [Steve] Rodecker said. It requires kids to think like college students and act like adults."

"Sodarace [a joint venture between Soda and Queen Mary, University of London] is the online olympics pitting human creativity against machine learning in a competition to design robots that race over 2D terrains using the Sodaconstructor virtual construction kit."

  • When Virtual Robots Race, Science Wins. By Danna Voth & Rebecca L. Deuel. IEEE Intelligent Systems (March / April 2004). "Sodarace, an asynchronous, interactive Web game that pits human-created virtual robots against artificial intelligence-based, machine-created virtual robots, has a clear winner: science."

The Turing Test. Check out the various events mentioned on our Turing Test page.

The Droids of Sport - Robotic competitions are popping up around the world. A new book, 'Gearheads,' examines their universe. By Brad Stone. Newsweek (March 24, 2003).

Exhibits & Collections

(also see our Reference Shelf)''

Computer History Collection at The Smithsonian National Museum of American History.

Computer History Exhibits. "A coalition of Stanford computer scientists and the Computer Museum History Center (CMCH), formerly a part of The Computer Museum (TCM) in Boston has installed exhibits within the Gates Computer Science building to contain historical equipment and documents focusing on Stanford's role in the history of computing. The exhibits will be changed and updated as time permits." Don't miss the phototour and the collection of photographs.

Computer History Museum - Where computing history lives. "The Computer History Museum is the world's largest and most significant history museum for preserving and presenting the computing revolution and its impact on the human experience. It allows you to discover how computing became the amplifier for our minds and changed the way we work, live and play." Why not begin by exploring Mastering the Game: A History of Computer Chess.

Envisioning Robotics: An Online Exhibit from the Dr. Takeo Kanade Collection, Carnegie Mellon University Archives. "Envisioning Robotics is an online archival exhibit that consists of select items of the Takeo Kanade Collection from the Carnegie Mellon University Archives. Dr. Kanade is a distinguished faculty member at Carnegie Mellon and a world-renowned pioneer in the field of robotics. His research on improved human/robotic interaction continues to advance computer vision, multimedia, autonomous mobile robotics, and sensors. The goal of this exhibit is to showcase Dr. Kanade’s contributions to the field of robotics. ... The bulk of the collection centers on those projects in which Dr. Kanade participated, ranging from as early as 1962 to as late as 2003 with the bulk falling between 1979 and 2000."

Frankenstein: Penetrating the Secrets of Nature. "Frankenstein will visit 80 libraries across the country between October 2002 and December 2005. In addition to the exhibition, participating libraries will host interpretive and educational programs that help audiences examine Mary Shelley's novel and how it uses scientific experimentation as metaphor to comment on cultural values, especially the importance of exercising responsibility toward individuals and the community in all areas of human activity, including science. ... The exhibition and related materials were developed by the National Library of Medicine (NLM) of the National Institutes of Health and the ALA Public Programs Office and funded by a major grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH)." One of the main topics of the exhibition is: "3. Passages from the novel and how they illuminate the dilemmas raised by Dr. Frankenstein's ability to create life and his failure to take responsibility for what he has created."

Museum of Science, Boston: Cahners ComputerPlace - Computer, Communications, RoboticsScience and Technology. "There are seven exhibit areas at Cahners ComputerPlace:... 'Artificial Intelligence:' pit your knowledge and skill against computer programs that mimic human intelligence. 'Robot Dome:' see and interact with AIBO, an autonomous artificial intelligence computer shaped like a dog. ... "

The On-Line Books Page. "The On-Line Books Page is a directory of books that can be freely read right on the Internet. It includes: An index of thousands of on-line books on the Internet; Pointers to significant directories and archives of on-line texts; Special exhibits ...and more! The On-Line Books Page was founded in 1993 by John Mark Ockerbloom ... He remains the editor of the pages...."

"The Robot Hall of Fame recognizes excellence in robotics technology worldwide and honors the fictional and real robots that have inspired scientific accomplishments. It was created by Carnegie Mellon University in April 2003 to call attention to the increasing contributions of robots to human endeavors."

Robotics: Sensing, Thinking, Acting. An exhibition from The Tech Museum of Innovation.

Robots and Beyond: Exploring Artificial Intelligence @ MIT Museum. "A multimedia excursion into the world of artificial intelligence, Robots and Beyond throws open the doors of MIT’s Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, where scientists have been probing the mysteries of A.I. for five decades."

ThinkQuest - Artificial Intelligence. An amazing collection of high school AI projects. [ThinkQuest is an international competition where student teams engage in collaborative, project-based learning to create educational websites. The winning entries form the ThinkQuest online library.]

How To . . .

Avoiding Rejection. A Letter from the Editor, James Hendler. IEEE Intelligent Systems, September/October 2005 (Volume 20, Number 5, pages 2 - 4). "I realized recently that I was repeating the same advice to multiple authors,so I thought that putting it in this column might be of use to those writing for this magazine (and other technical publications). This advice might also be useful to share with your graduate students or the junior colleagues you mentor -- I learned it through a lot of reviews of a lot of rejected papers,and I sure wish someone had shared more of this with me earlier in my career!"

Help on how to conduct a computer science research project. From Michael Schillo. Very thorough. St. Bernard dog to the rescue

"A collection of advice about how to do research and how to communicate effectively (primarily for computer scientists)." From Mark Leone. There's even a section lisiting humorous how-to's !!!

How to Choose Successful Research for your PhD or Master's Degree. By Naomi Rockler-Gladen. Suite 101 (March 26, 2007). "Choosing a meaningful research topic for your dissertation or master's thesis can be a challenge. Here are some criteria to help you decide."

  • Also see: Starting the dissertation - Experts offer tips on picking a topic, conducting a lit review and narrowing your focus. By Melissa Dittmann. gradPSYCH (Volume 3, Number 1, January 2005).

How to Cite Electronic Sources. A Learning Page from the Library of Congress. "Materials available on the Library of Congress web site include: films; legal; maps; recorded sound; photographs and drawings; special presentations; and texts. Selections from the digitized historical collections are used to illustrate the citation examples that follow." (Also see the related resources in the Responsible Scholarship section below.)

Job Shadow or Informational Interview. Created and maintained by S. Marques, Kentridge High School Library Online. (Also see the related resources mentioned in our response to student letter #7.)

How to design a poster for the AAAI Student Abstract and Poster Program (with examples). From Sven Koenig, associate professor in computer science at the University of Southern California and former chair of the program. "A good poster allows someone to grasp quickly what your research is all about, and allows you to explain your ideas to them in more detail in case they are interested. It works like this: ... "

How to do Research. Collection of resources from Jocelyn Paine. AI Expert Newsletter (May 2006).

How to do Research At the MIT AI Lab. "By a whole bunch of current, former, and honorary MIT AI Lab graduate students. David Chapman, Editor. (A 1988 Working Paper.) "This document presumptuously purports to explain how to do research. We give heuristics that may be useful in picking up the specific skills needed for research (reading, writing, programming) and for understanding and enjoying the process itself (methodology, topic and advisor selection, and emotional factors)."

How to get that first grant: A Young Scientist's Guide to (AI) Funding in America. Jim Hendler's slides from a tutorial presented at the Fifteenth National Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI-98), Madison, Wisconsin, July, 1998.

How to give a talk. By Bruce Randall Donald. "So you've been asked to give a talk in front of a seminar--or possibly in front of a much larger audience. Or maybe you've been giving lots of talks, but you wonder about how you can make your talks more effective? The purpose of this page is to present some ideas about presentation style."

How to Find an Internship. From "Internships come in all shapes and sizes. Some are paid and some are unpaid. Some last for a summer while others continue through the school year. ... Many people think internships are for college students, but opportunities for high school students exist as well."

How to start Exploring AI on the Web - Web sites to visit to learn the latest about AI. By Mary Kroening. PC AI Magazine (January/February 2002), 16.1.

How to Study: A Brief Guide. By William J. Rapaport, Department of Computer Science and Engineering,Department of Philosophy,and Center for Cognitive Science,State University of New York at Buffalo. (You might also want to explore his research interests.)

How to Succeed in Graduate School: A Guide for Students and Advisors. By Marie desJardins. (1994). ACM Crossroads. "The goals of this article are to raise awareness of the need for a healthy and interactive graduate student-advisor relationship, to provide pointers and guidance for both advisors and graduate students in navigating the maze of a doctoral degree, and to give references and resources for those who hope to learn more."

How to write an article for AI Magazine: see the AI Magazine Author Guidelines for sound advice about aspects such as Selection Criteria - Some Suggestions, How to Organize Your Article, References, and Article Style.

How to Write a Research Paper. From LibrarySpot. Covers the basics from grammar to how to evaluate what you find on the Web.

How to Write (How to Prepare Technical Reports). By William J. Rapaport, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Department of Philosophy, and Center for Cognitive Science, State University of New York at Buffalo. (You might also want to explore his research interests.)

Tips for Writing Technical Papers - notes from a presentation I gave at the Stanford InfoLab Friday lunch, 1/27/06. From Professor Jennifer Widom, Departments of Computer Science and EE, Stanford University.

Online Forums & Groups

AI-related Newsgroups and News Sources. From Artificial Intelligence FAQ's, maintained by Amit Dubey and Ric Crabbe; written by Ric Crabbe, Amit Dubey, and Mark Kantrowitz.

AIWiki. Maintained by the Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, Department of Information Technology, University of Zürich. "This is a collaboratively created and edited area dedicated to all facets of Artificial Intelligence. We hope that AIWiki will become a valuable resource and meeting point for minds interested in Artificial Intelligence and related topics. The project is just getting started; we aim for a level of detail much greater than what is currently on most of the pages." ("Anyone can edit any page and is encouraged to do so." - from About Wiki.)

Google Groups. "Google Groups contains the entire archive of Usenet discussion groups dating back to 1981. These discussions cover the full range of human discourse and provide a fascinating look at evolving viewpoints, debate and advice on every subject from politics to technology." AI groups include: .edu; .fuzzy; .games; .nat-lang; .neural-nets; .philosophy; and .vision.

machines and man: ethics and robotics in the 21st century. From the Tech Museum of Innovation. "This section contains four questions examining robotics and ethics. Each question contains audio responses collected from researchers, scientists, labor leaders, artists, and others. In addition, an online discussion area is provided to allow you to post your own comments or respond to the questions."

theSpoke: "a online community for students around the world to discuss, use, and share ideas on technology." Created and sponsored by Microsoft.

Ubiquity Forums. Hosted by Ubiquity, an ACM Magazine & Forum.

Responsible Scholarship

Evaluating Information Found on the Internet. By Elizabeth E. Kirk, The Sheridan Libraries of the John Hopkins University.

Evaluating Resources and Evaluating Web Pages, by Kelley Lawton and Steve Cramer, respectively, of the Duke University Libraries.

"There's also an ongoing debate about the reliability of data found on the Internet; kids need to be taught how to evaluate it." Encyclopedias gather dust as research moves online. By May Wong. Associated Press / available from (March 11, 2004.)

Evaluating Web Pages: Techniques to Apply & Questions to Ask. UC Berkeley - Teaching Library Internet Workshops.

Evaluating Web Sites: Criteria and Tools. From Michael Engle, Olin and Uris Libraries, Cornell University.

ICYouSee: T is for Thinking. A Guide to Critical Thinking About What You See on the Web. By John R. Henderson, Ithaca College Library.

Citing Electronic Resources. From The Internet Public Library (IPL), a public service organization and learning/teaching environment at the University of Michigan School of Information. "Many people want to know how to cite information that they find on the Internet in school papers, theses, reports, etc. There is no definitive answer, but many people have made suggestions. Here are some places to go for recommended electronic information citation guides."

Citing Your Resources. From The Roger Williams University Library. "It can be challenging to identify the information you need to cite a Web page properly and completely. More often than not, you cannot identify the author or creator or the date of page creation. The general rule is to include as much information as you can that will help others identify and get to the Web page. There are more types of Web pages than can be covered in this overview, but we'll provide the forms and examples for three common types: Professional, Scholarly Project, and Personal." Some of the other resource collections you'll find here are: Links to Citation Style Sheets on the Web, Avoiding Plagiarism, and Copyright Information.

Citing Internet Sources. Prepared by Patti S. Caravello. "These sources provide formats and examples for citing Internet sources, articles on the Web, Web sites, etc. in a bibliography or footnote. It is best to be consistent with the bibliographic style you are using to cite books and journals."

How to Cite Electronic Sources. A Learning Page from the Library of Congress. "Materials available on the Library of Congress web site include: films; legal; maps; recorded sound; photographs and drawings; special presentations; and texts. Selections from the digitized historical collections are used to illustrate the citation examples that follow."

How do I document sources from the Web in my works-cited list? A very helpful FAQ from the Modern Language Association [MLA].

Internet Citation Guides - Citing Electronic Sources in Research Papers and Bibliographies. Compiled by Susan Barribeau, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Memorial Library. "Many research resources are available from the Internet in various electronic formats. Formally citing such resources, as with any research resource, is a necessary part of the completed work. Citation formats for Internet resources are still in development but there are many Internet sites that offer acceptable interpretations of guidelines in several styles such as APA, CBE, Chicago, MLA, and Turabian. A selection of these sites is listed below, organized by style. Most (but not all) of the sites include formats and/or examples of citations." (Updated: April 2, 2004)

FAQ: I'm doing a report for school. What is the correct way to cite AITopics as an electronic resource, internet source, or WWW page? See our response.

Plagiarism and the internet. By Robert Jaques. (October 17, 2003). "The vast amount of information on offer at the click of a mouse button is a tempting prospect for some schoolchildren. Our feature on the use of computers in schools set out the many benefits that technology brings to teachers and pupils. Now we speak to some teachers and pupils to discover what is being done to make sure that students get the credit only for work they have done themselves. Plagiarism isn't just unethical, it's an infringement of copyright law too, although most people don't consider this when they copy someone else's work."

Research Resources "developed by Turnitin and to teach pre-emptive plagiarism education and help students develop quality writing and research skills."

With rampant Internet plagiarism and file sharing, is technology making students less ethical?  I don't think technology makes people less ethical. It does remove people one step from their personal world. When they come across places to trade schoolwork, they see it as interacting with a machine, something not human. They don't always see that the ethics that they have in their personal world apply to technology. We need to educate students that the ethics they would use when interacting with a person still apply.
- Beth Simon, assistant professor in computer science at the University of San Diego. From: Five questions: Beth Simon. Interview by Jonathan Sidener. Union-Tribune / available from SignOnSanDiego (November 15, 2004).

Responsible Research from TheOnline Ethics Center for Engineering and Science "The mission of the Ethics Center is to provide engineers, scientists and science and engineering students with resources useful for understanding and addressing ethically significant problems that arise in their work life."

Why Copyright Web Documents? by Peter Suber, Philosophy Department, Earlham College, in which he states: "I apologize for this copyright notice. I wish it were not necessary. I relied entirely on trust when I started putting documents on the web, and was forced to attach this copyright notice by hard experience with a handful of plagiarists. I hope this notice suffices to protect me so that I can return as far as possible to the attitude of trust."

On Being A Scientist: Responsible Conduct In Research. The National Academy of Sciences (1994). "The scientific research enterprise, like other human activities, is built on a foundation of trust. ... In the past, young scientists learned the ethics of research largely through informal means -- by working with senior scientists and watching how they dealt with ethical questions. That tradition is still vitally important. But science has become so complex and so closely intertwined with society's needs that a more formal introduction to research ethics and the responsibilities that these commitments imply is also needed -- an introduction that can supplement the informal lessons provided by research supervisors and mentors." - from thePreface.

Using Software: A Guide to the Ethical and Legal Use of Software for Members of the Academic Community from The Pennsylvania State University computer-related policies, guidelines, and laws.

Examples of Plagiarism . . . The second set of examples demonstrates plagiarism of a computer program. From the online booklet, Academic Integrity at Princeton University.

United States Copyright Office Homepage. Be sure to check out Copyright Basics and the circular, Reproductions of Copyrighted Works by Educators and Librarians.

Frequently Asked Questions (and Answers) about Copyright and Fair Use. Maintained by George Washington University Law School and available from the Chilling Effects Clearinghouse (a joint project of the Electronic Frontier Foundation and Harvard, Stanford, Berkeley, University of San Francisco, University of Maine, George Washington School of Law, and Santa Clara University School of Law clinics).

Stanford Copyright & Fair Use Center. From SULAIR, Stanford University Libraries and Academic Information Resources.

Additional copyright resources from AAAI.

floppies, cds and a zip

Software & Hardware

woman using laptop

Summer Camps, Courses, Programs & more...

student presentation

If you're doing a report for school about AI, check out our page of tips and suggestions.

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