(PhysOrg.com) -- From science fiction and academia through assembly lines and telemedicine, robots have become both physically and conceptually ubiquitous. ( Rossum's Universal Robots ), a 1920 Czech-language science fiction play in which robot was the English version of robota, meaning forced labor, in turn derived from rab, or slave. Todays animated and physical robots, however imbued with artificial intelligence, artificial muscles, vision and pattern recognition, speech recognition and synthesis, sensors and actuators, and increasingly sophisticated interactivity seem to be approaching those envisioned in Isaac Asimovs seminal work I, Robot. Social Robotics has its roots in the mid-20 th century work of William Grey Walter, a neurophysiologist and roboticist who constructed autonomous electronic robots to demonstrate that complex behavior could arise from robust connectivity between just a few neurons.
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